Path / documentation / ez publish / upgrading / upgrading to 4.4 / upgrading from 4.3.x to 4.4.x

Caution: This documentation is for eZ Publish legacy, from version 3.x to 5.x.
For 5.x documentation covering Platform see eZ Documentation Center, for difference between legacy and Platform see 5.x Architecture overview.

Upgrading from 4.3.x to 4.4.x

This section describes how to upgrade your existing eZ Publish 4.3.x installation to version 4.4. The upgrade procedure described below is generic and does not cover any specific cases (for example, running eZ Publish in a clustered environment).

Make sure that you have a working backup of the site before you do the actual upgrade.

Important upgrade notes:

The procedure for upgrading directly from version 4.3.x to 4.4 consists of the following steps:

  • Upgrade the distribution files to 4.4
  • Upgrade custom extensions
  • Upgrade the database to 4.4
  • Regenerate the autoload array for extensions
  • Run the system upgrade scripts for 4.4
  • Clear the caches

Check for requirements

The eZ Components 2009.1 requirements

With eZ Publish 4.4, eZ Components 2009.2.1 is the minimum version required. When downloading eZ Publish 4.4 it is possible to choose between a package bundled with eZ Components 2009.2.1, or a package without eZ Components. If you choose the latter, you must install eZ Components separately. For more information see

The PHP requirements

 eZ Publish 4.4 is compatible with PHP version 5.3. For more information regarding system requirements check out

Step 1: Upgrade the distribution files

The easiest way to upgrade the distribution files is to unpack eZ Publish 4.4 to a separate directory and then copy the directories that contain site-specific files from the existing installation. Make sure that you copy the following directories:

  • design/example
  • design/example_admin
  • var
  • settings/siteaccess
  • settings/override

Replace "example" and "example_admin" with the actual names of your site accesses.

Important note

Because the new directory has replaced the original directory, the directory permissions need to be fixed. Use the following commands to do this.

(You have the choice between Shell commands or Alternative shell commands):

  • Shell commands

These shell commands will give proper permission to the web server:

cd </path/to/your/eZ/Publish/directory>
chmod -R a+rwx design extension settings var
  • Alternative shell commands

 These commands will setup the permission more correctly, but require knowledge about the running web server.

chmod -R og+rwx design extension settings var
chown -R nouser:nouser design extension settings var

Step 2: Upgrade custom extensions

If you are using custom extensions, the sub-directories inside the "extension" directory will also have to be copied. However, make sure that you do not overwrite any extensions that are included in eZ Publish, which currently are eZ Online Editor (5.x), eZ (2.x) and eZ JSCore (1.x). Note that upgrading the distribution files will overwrite the autoload arrays for extensions. You will need to re-generate the autoload arrays for active extensions later.

See the dedicated upgrade instructions for eZ Flow and Website Interface below.

The updated versions of eZ Flow and Website Interface will also install the following extensions:

  • eZ Website Toolbar
  • eZ Star Rating
  • eZ Google Maps Location

For eZ OE 5.x and eZ JS Core you will need to replace the following rewrite rules when using Virtual Hosts:

RewriteRule ^/var/cache/texttoimage/.* - [L]
RewriteRule ^/var/[^/]+/cache/(texttoimage|public)/.* - [L]


RewriteRule ^/var/([^/]+/)?cache/(texttoimage|public)/.* - [L]

For more detailed instructions, see the dedicated eZ OE and eZ JS Core doc pages.

Note: Both admin2 design and webin (ezwebin extension) requires ezjscore extension to be enabled, look here for how to enabling extensions.

Step 3: Upgrade the database

The update script for the database is located in

<eZ Publish root>/update/database/<mysql|postgresql>/4.4/dbupdate-4.3.0-to-4.4.0.sql

You can run this with the appropriate command line tool or application.

Step 4: Regenerate the autoload array for extensions

The autoload system also has some changes, for example the autoload array for extensions is now placed in var/autoload of your eZ Publish installation (along the class changes in extensions itself).

To regenerate the autoload array, execute the following script from the root of your eZ Publish directory: 

php bin/php/ezpgenerateautoloads.php --extension

Step 5: Run the system upgrade scripts

Run the following command from the root of your eZ Publish directory:

php update/common/scripts/4.4/updatesectionidentifier.php

Step 6: Clear the caches

Whenever an eZ Publish solution is upgraded, all caches must be cleared in a proper way. This should be done from within a system shell:

  1. Navigate into the eZ Publish 4.4 directory.
  2. Run the script using the following shell command:
php bin/php/ezcache.php --clear-all --purge

Purging ensures that the caches are physically removed. When the "--purge" parameter is not specified, the caches will be expired but not removed.

Sometimes the script is unable to clear all cache files because of restrictive file/directory permission settings. Make sure that all cache files have been cleared by inspecting the contents of the various cache sub-directories within the "var" directory (typically the "var/cache/" and "var/<name_of_siteaccess>/cache/" directories). If there are any cache files left, you need to remove them manually.

Step 7: Upgrading extensions

When using eZ Webin and eZ Flow, these extension will also need to be updated.

The first thing to do is to change the extensions permissions.  An example on how this is done:

$chmod -R a+rwx extension

Next, depending on your own extensions, follow the steps mentioned in the eZ Webin and eZ Flow upgrade documentation.

Geir Arne Waaler (16/02/2011 9:37 am)

Geir Arne Waaler (06/06/2011 9:07 am)

Geir Arne Waaler, André R.


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