Path / documentation / ez publish / upgrading / upgrading to 4.6 / upgrading from 4.5 to 4.6

Caution: This documentation is for eZ Publish legacy, from version 3.x to 5.x.
For 5.x documentation covering Platform see eZ Documentation Center, for difference between legacy and Platform see 5.x Architecture overview.

Upgrading from 4.5 to 4.6

This section describes how to upgrade your existing eZ Publish 4.5 installation to version 4.6. Make sure that you have a working backup of the site before you do the actual upgrade, and make sure the installation you are performing the upgrade on is offline.

Important upgrade notes:

The procedure for upgrading directly from version 4.5 to 4.6 consists of the following steps:

  • Upgrade the distribution files to 4.6
  • Upgrade custom extensions
  • Upgrade the database to 4.6
  • Regenerate the autoload array for extensions
  • Run the system upgrade scripts for 4.6
  • Additional upgrade step
  • Clear the caches
  • Upgrade extensions

Check for requirements

The eZ Components and PHP requirements

The minimum version required of eZ Components with eZ Publish 4.6 is "ezcomponents-ezp46", containing a fix to the package. eZ Publish 4.6 is compatible with PHP version 5.2 and above. For more information regarding system requirements check out eZ Publish requirements.

Step 1: Upgrade the distribution files

The easiest way to upgrade the distribution files is to unpack eZ Publish 4.6 to a separate directory and then copy the directories that contain site-specific files from the existing installation. Make sure that you copy the following directories:

  • design/example
  • design/example_admin
  • var
  • settings/siteaccess
  • settings/override

Replace "example" and "example_admin" with the actual names of your site accesses.

Important note: Because the new directory has replaced the original directory, the directory permissions need to be fixed. Use the following commands to do this.

(You have the choice between Shell commands or Alternative shell commands):

  • Shell commands

These shell commands will give proper permission to the web server:

cd </path/to/your/eZ/Publish/directory>
chmod -R a+rwx design extension settings var
  • Alternative shell commands

These commands will setup the permission more correctly, but require knowledge about the running web server.

chmod -R og+rwx design extension settings var
chown -R nouser:nouser design extension settings var

Step 2: Upgrade custom extensions

If you are using custom extensions, the sub-directories inside the "extension" directory will also have to be copied. However, make sure that you do not overwrite any extensions that are included in eZ Publish, which currently are eZ Flow (2.x)eZ Online Editor (5.x), eZ OpenOffice Document format (2.x), eZ JSCore (1.x), eZ Image Editor (1.x), eZ Comments (1.x), eZ Multiupload (1.x), eZ MB Password Expiry (1.x), eZ Network (1.x), eZ REST API Provider (1.x), eZ Script Monitor (1.x), eZ SI, ), eZ Find (1.x). Note that upgrading the distribution files will overwrite the autoload arrays for extensions. You will need to re-generate the autoload arrays for active extensions later.

See the dedicated upgrade instructions for eZ Flow and Website Interface below.

The updated versions of eZ Flow and Website Interface will also install the following extensions:

  • eZ Website Toolbar
  • eZ Star Rating
  • eZ Google Maps Location

For eZ OE 5.x and eZ JS Core you will need to replace the following rewrite rules when using Virtual Hosts:

RewriteRule ^/var/cache/texttoimage/.* - [L]
RewriteRule ^/var/[^/]+/cache/(texttoimage|public)/.* - [L]


RewriteRule ^/var/([^/]+/)?cache/(texttoimage|public)/.* - [L]

Since index_ajax.php no longer exists in eZ JS Core you will need to remove the following rewrite rule when using Virtual Hosts:

RewriteRule ^/([^/]+/)?ezjscore/call.* /index_ajax\.php [L]

or the rules in .htaccess:

RewriteRule ezjscore/call.* index_ajax.php
RewriteRule ^index_ajax\.php - [L]

For more detailed instructions, see the dedicated eZ OE and eZ JS Core doc pages.

Note: Both admin2 design and webin (ezwebin extension) requires ezjscore extension to be enabled, look here for how to enabling extensions.

Step 3: Upgrade the database

The update script for the database is located in

<eZ Publish root>/update/database/<mysqli|postgresql>/4.6/dbupdate-4.5.0-to-4.6.0.sql

You can run this with the appropriate command line tool or application.


The "ezmysql" database driver has been deprecated in 4.5 and it is recommended to use the "ezmysqli" driver instead. This requires that the "mysqli" extension in PHP is enabled and can be archived by changing the driver in your override or siteaccesses "site.ini.append.php" settings to:


The "Mysql DB/DFS Cluster" database back-end has not yet been deprecated, but it is recommended to use the same driver as the main database driver, so change your "file.ini.append.php" settings in override or siteaccesses to use" eZDFSFileHandlerMySQLiBackend" for DFS Cluster or "eZDBFileHandlerMysqliBackend" for DB Cluster.

Note: The "index_cluster.php" file should be updated to

define( 'STORAGE_BACKEND', 'dfsmysqli' )

If you use DB cluster, remove "dfs" from the string.

Step 4: Regenerate the autoload array for extensions

The autoload system also has some changes, for example the autoload array for extensions is now placed in var/autoload of your eZ Publish installation (along the class changes in extensions itself).

To regenerate the autoload array, execute the following script from the root of your eZ Publish directory:

php bin/php/ezpgenerateautoloads.php --extension

Step 5: Run the system upgrade scripts

There are two system upgrade scripts that can be run for the eZ Publish 4.6 upgrade, "removetrashedimages.php" and "updateordernumber.php".

Script 1: If you want to ensure no trashed images remains on your setup because of image aliases not being restored when restoring object from trash (issue #017781), you do the following:

  1. make sure that no items remains in trash for any users (images from objects in trash would be impossible to restore not doing so)
  2. run the following cleanup script by executing this command:
$ php update/common/scripts/4.6/removetrashedimages.php

Note: It is safe to skip this test, this is only to free extra space.

Script 2: You need to run an upgrade script to update webshop order numbers issue (#018233) by running:

$ php update/common/scripts/4.6/updateordernumber.php

Note: If you don’t have webshop or you don’t have orders (table "ezorder") in your eZ Publish, you don’t have to run this script.

Step 6: Additional upgrade step

Update "override.ini.append.php"

Content panes are not visible on the "User accounts" tab in the back-end. To fix it on an already-installed eZPublish, remove the following rules from your "override.ini.append.php" for your admin siteaccess:


... and clear the cache after removing. See separate step below.

Step 7: Clear the caches

Whenever an eZ Publish solution is upgraded, all caches must be cleared in a proper way. This should be done from within a system shell:

  1. Navigate into the new eZ Publish directory.
  2. Run the script using the following shell command:
php bin/php/ezcache.php --clear-all --purge

Purging ensures that the caches are physically removed. When the "--purge" parameter is not specified, the caches will be expired but not removed.

Sometimes the script is unable to clear all cache files because of restrictive file/directory permission settings. Make sure that all cache files have been cleared by inspecting the contents of the various cache sub-directories within the "var" directory (typically the "var/cache/" and "var/<name_of_siteaccess>/cache/" directories). If there are any cache files left, you need to remove them manually.

Step 8: Upgrade extensions

When using eZ Webin and eZ Flow, these extension will also need to be updated.

The first thing to do is to change the extensions permissions. An example on how this is done:

$chmod -R a+rwx extension

Next, depending on your own extensions, follow the steps mentioned in the eZ Webin and eZ Flow upgrade documentation.

Geir Arne Waaler (18/08/2011 11:54 am)

Andrea Melo (29/08/2012 3:46 pm)

Geir Arne Waaler, André R., Andrea Melo


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