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eZ Publish (5.x)

eZ Publish 5.x | For eZ Platform & eZ Studio topics see Technical manual and User manual, for eZ Publish 4.x and Legacy topics see eZ Publish legacy

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...

Now follow the instructions. This will create a bundle eZEzSystems/Publish/Bundle/CookBookBundle in the src directory of the installation root (Note: this bundle exists already so a different namespace will be required).

Code Block
languagebash
                                            
  Welcome to the Symfony2 bundle generator  
                                            


Your application code must be written in bundles. This command helps
you generate them easily.

Each bundle is hosted under a namespace (like Acme/Bundle/BlogBundle).
The namespace should begin with a "vendor" name like your company name, your
project name, or your client name, followed by one or more optional category
sub-namespaces, and it should end with the bundle name itself
(which must have Bundle as a suffix).

See http://symfony.com/doc/current/cookbook/bundles/best_practices.html#index-1 for more
details on bundle naming conventions.

Use / instead of \  for the namespace delimiter to avoid any problem.

Bundle namespace: eZEzSystems/Publish/Bundles/CookbookBundle

In your code, a bundle is often referenced by its name. It can be the
concatenation of all namespace parts but it's really up to you to come
up with a unique name (a good practice is to start with the vendor name).
Based on the namespace, we suggest eZPublishBundlesCookbookBundleEzSystemsCookbookBundle.

Bundle name [eZPublishBundlesCookbookBundleEzSystemsCookbookBundle]: 

The bundle can be generated anywhere. The suggested default directory uses
the standard conventions.

Target directory [.../ezpublish5/src]: 

Determine the format to use for the generated configuration.

Configuration format (yml, xml, php, or annotation) [annotation]: yml

To help you get started faster, the command can generate some
code snippets for you.

Do you want to generate the whole directory structure [no]? yes

                             
  Summary before generation  
                             

You are going to generate a "eZEzSystems\Publish\Bundles\CookbookBundle\eZPublishBundlesCookBookBundleEzSystemsCookBookBundle" bundle
in ".../ezpublish5/src/" using the "yml" format.

Do you confirm generation [yes]? yes

                     
  Bundle generation  
                     

Generating the bundle code: OK
Checking that the bundle is autoloaded: OK
Confirm automatic update of your Kernel [yes]? yes  
Enabling the bundle inside the Kernel: OK
Confirm automatic update of the Routing [yes]? yes
Importing the bundle routing resource: OK

                                               
  You can now start using the generated code!  
                                               

...

cd <ezpublish installation root>/src/eZEzSystems/Publish/Bundle/CookbookBundle

mkdir Command

add the following class file CookbookCommand.php in the directory Command

 

Code Block
languagephp
titlemy first command
<?php
/**
 * File containing the CookBookCommand class.
 *
 * @copyright Copyright (C) 2012 eZ Systems AS. All rights reserved.
 * @license http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl-2.0.txt GNU General Public License v2
 * @version //autogentag//
 */
namespace eZEzSystems\Publish\Bundles\CookBookBundle\Command;

use Symfony\Bundle\FrameworkBundle\Command\ContainerAwareCommand;
use Symfony\Component\Console\Input\InputInterface;
use Symfony\Component\Console\Output\OutputInterface;
use Symfony\Component\Console\Input\InputArgument;
use Symfony\Component\Console\Input\InputOption;

class CookBookCommand extends ContainerAwareCommand
{
    /**
     * This method override configures on input argument for the content id
     */
    protected function configure()
    {
        $this->setName( 'cookbook:run' )->setDefinition(
            array(
                new InputArgument( 'contentId', InputArgument::REQUIRED, 'An existing content id' )
            )
        );
    }

    /**
     * execute the command
     * @param InputInterface $input
     * @param OutputInterface $output
     */
    protected function execute( InputInterface $input, OutputInterface $output )
    {
        // fetch the input argument
        $contentId = $input->getArgument( 'contentId' );

        // get the repository from the di container
        $repository = $this->getContainer()->get( 'ezpublish.api.repository' );

        // get the content service from the repsitory
        $contentService = $repository->getContentService();

        try
        {
            // print out the content info for the given content id
            print_r( $contentService->loadContentInfo( $contentId ) );
        }
        catch( \eZ\Publish\API\Repository\Exceptions\NotFoundException $e )
        {
            // if the id is not found
            $output->writeln( "No content with id $contentId" );
        }
        catch( \eZ\Publish\API\Repository\Exceptions\UnauthorizedException $e )
        {
            // not allowed to read this content
            $output->writeln( "Anonymous users are not allowed to read content with id $contentId" );
        }
    }
}





...

This snippet creates a content type group for a given identifier (Full code here).

Code Block
languagephp
titlecreate content type group
linenumberstrue
        $contentTypeService = $repository->getContentTypeService();
        try
        {
            // instanciate a create struct
            $contentTypeGroupCreateStruct = $this->contentTypeService->newContentTypeGroupCreateStruct($groupIdentifier);
            // call service method
            $contentTypeGroup =  $this->contentTypeService->createContentTypeGroup( $contentTypeGroupCreateStruct );
            // print out the group
            print_r($contentTypeGroup);
        }
        catch( \eZ\Publish\API\Repository\Exceptions\UnauthorizedException $e )
        {
            // react on permission denied
            $output->writeln($e->getMessage());
        }
        catch( \eZ\Publish\API\Repository\Exceptions\ForbiddenException $e )
        {
            // react on identifier already exists
            $output->writeln($e->getMessage());
        }

...

With this snipped a content type with two fields of type 'ezstring' is created. (Full code here).

Code Block
languagephp
titlecreate content type
        // get content type service from repository
        $contentTypeService = $repository->getContentTypeService();
        // load the content type group
        try
        {
            $contentTypeGroup = $contentTypeService->loadContentTypeGroupByIdentifier($groupIdentifier);
        }
        catch(\eZ\Publish\API\Repository\Exceptions\NotFoundException $e)
        {
            $output->writeln("content type group with identifier $groupIdentifier not found");
            return;
        }
        // instanciate a ContentTypeCreateStruct with the given content type identifier
        $contentTypeCreateStruct = $contentTypeService->newContentTypeCreateStruct($contentTypeIdentifier );
        // the main language code for names and description
        $contentTypeCreateStruct->mainLanguageCode = 'eng-GB';
        // the name schema for generating the content name by using the title attribute
        $contentTypeCreateStruct->nameSchema = '<title>';
        // set names for the content type
        $contentTypeCreateStruct->names = array(
                'eng-GB' => $contentTypeIdentifier . 'eng-GB',
                'ger-DE' => $contentTypeIdentifier . 'ger-DE',
        );
        // set description for the content type
        $contentTypeCreateStruct->descriptions = array(
                'eng-GB' => 'Description for ' . $contentTypeIdentifier . 'eng-GB',
                'ger-DE' => 'Description for ' . $contentTypeIdentifier . 'ger-DE',
        );
        /********************** add fields ***************************************/
        // add a title field
        $titleFieldDefinitionCreateStruct = $contentTypeService->newFieldDefinitionCreateStruct('title', 'ezstring');
        // set names and description for display
        $titleFieldDefinitionCreateStruct->names = array('eng-GB' => 'Title','ger-DE' => 'Titel',);
        $titleFieldDefinitionCreateStruct->descriptions = array('eng-GB' => 'The Title','ger-DE' => 'Der Titel');
        // set an group for the field
        $titleFieldDefinitionCreateStruct->fieldGroup = 'content';
        // set position inside the content type
        $titleFieldDefinitionCreateStruct->position = 1;
        // enable translation
        $titleFieldDefinitionCreateStruct->isTranslatable = true;
        // require this field to set on content creation
        $titleFieldDefinitionCreateStruct->isRequired = true;
        // enabled to find field via content search
        $titleFieldDefinitionCreateStruct->isSearchable = true;
        // add field definition to content create struct
        $contentTypeCreateStruct->addFieldDefinition( $titleFieldDefinitionCreateStruct );
        // add a body field
        $bodyFieldDefinitionCreateStruct = $contentTypeService->newFieldDefinitionCreateStruct('body', 'ezstring');
        // set names and description for display
        $bodyFieldDefinitionCreateStruct->names = array('eng-GB' => 'Body','ger-DE' => 'Text');
        $bodyFieldDefinitionCreateStruct->descriptions = array('eng-GB' => 'Description for Body','ger-DE' => 'Beschreibung Text');
        $bodyFieldDefinitionCreateStruct->fieldGroup = 'content';
        $bodyFieldDefinitionCreateStruct->position = 2;
        $bodyFieldDefinitionCreateStruct->isTranslatable = true;
        $bodyFieldDefinitionCreateStruct->isRequired = true;
        $bodyFieldDefinitionCreateStruct->isSearchable = true;
        // add field definition to content create struct
        $contentTypeCreateStruct->addFieldDefinition( $bodyFieldDefinitionCreateStruct );
        // set the content type group for the content type
        $contentTypeGroups = array($contentTypeGroup);
        // start a transaction
        $repository->beginTransaction();
        try
        {
            // create the content type - the returned content type is in status DRAFT
            $contentTypeDraft = $contentTypeService->createContentType($contentTypeCreateStruct,$contentTypeGroups);
            // publish the content type draft
            $contentTypeService->publishContentTypeDraft($contentTypeDraft);
            // commit the transaction
            $repository->commit();
        }
        catch( \eZ\Publish\API\Repository\Exceptions\UnauthorizedException $e )
        {
            // react on permission denied
            $output->writeln($e->getMessage());
            $repository->rollback();
        }
        catch( \eZ\Publish\API\Repository\Exceptions\ForbiddenException $e )
        {
            // react on identifier already exists
            $output->writeln($e->getMessage());
            $repository->rollback();
        }
        catch( \Exception $e )
        {
            $output->writeln($e->getMessage());
            $repository->rollback();
        }
    }

...

In this receipt content is created under a given parent location. It is assumed that the loaded content type is the one created in receipt 4. (Full code here).

Code Block
languagephp
titlecreate content
        // get the content service from the repository
        $contentService = $repository->getContentService();
        // get the location service from the repsitory
        $locationService = $repository->getLocationService();
        // get the user service from the repsitory
        $contentTypeService = $repository->getContentTypeService();
        try
        {
            // load the content type with identifier
            $contentType = $contentTypeService->loadContentTypeByIdentifier($contentTypeIdentifier);
            // instanciate a location create struct
            $locationCreateStruct = $locationService->newLocationCreateStruct($parentLocationId);
            // instanciate a content creation struct
            $contentCreateStruct = $contentService->newContentCreateStruct($contentType, 'eng-GB');
            // set title field
            $contentCreateStruct->setField('title',$title);
            // set body field
            $contentCreateStruct->setField('body', $body);
            // create a draft using the content and location create structs
            $draftContent = $contentService->createContent($contentCreateStruct, array($locationCreateStruct));
            // publish the content draft
            $content = $contentService->publishVersion($draftContent->versionInfo);
            // print out the content
            print_r($content);
        }
        catch(\eZ\Publish\API\Repository\Exceptions\NotFoundException $e)
        {
            // react on content type or location not found
            $output->writeln($e->getMessage());
        }
        catch(\eZ\Publish\API\Repository\Exceptions\InvalidArgumentException $e)
        {
            // react on remote id exists already
            $output->writeln($e->getMessage());
        }
        catch(\eZ\Publish\API\Repository\Exceptions\ContentFieldValidationException $e)
        {
            // react on a field is not valid
            $output->writeln($e->getMessage());
        }
        catch(\eZ\Publish\API\Repository\Exceptions\ContentValidationException $e)
        {
            // react on a required field is missing or empty
            $output->writeln($e->getMessage());
        } 
        catch( \eZ\Publish\API\Repository\Exceptions\UnauthorizedException $e )
        {
            // react on permission denied
            $output->writeln($e->getMessage());
        }
    }

...

In this receipt the previously created content is updated with a new title and body in the same language. (Full code here)

Code Block
languagephp
titleupdate content
        try
        {
            // load the content info for the given id
            $contentInfo = $contentService->loadContentInfo($contentId);
            // create a draft from the current published version
            $contentDraft = $contentService->createContentDraft($contentInfo);
            // instanciate a content update struct
            $contentUpdateStruct = $contentService->newContentUpdateStruct();
            // set language for new version
            $contentUpdateStruct->initialLanguageCode = 'eng-GB';
            // set fields
            $contentUpdateStruct->setField( 'title', $newtitle );
            $contentUpdateStruct->setField( 'body', $newbody );
            // update draft
            $contentDraft = $contentService->updateContent($contentDraft->versionInfo, $contentUpdateStruct);
            // publish draft
            $content = $contentService->publishVersion($contentDraft->versionInfo);
            print_r($content);
        }
        catch(\eZ\Publish\API\Repository\Exceptions\NotFoundException $e)
        {
            // react on content not found
            $output->writeln($e->getMessage());
        }
        catch(\eZ\Publish\API\Repository\Exceptions\ContentFieldValidationException $e)
        {
            // react on a field is not valid
            $output->writeln($e->getMessage());
        }
        catch(\eZ\Publish\API\Repository\Exceptions\ContentValidationException $e)
        {
            // react on a required field is missing or empty
            $output->writeln($e->getMessage());
        }
    }

...

In this receipt a simple full text search is performed. (Full code here)

Code Block
languagephp
titlea simple full text search
        // get the search service
        $searchService = $repository->getSearchService();
        // create a new query object
        $query = new \eZ\Publish\API\Repository\Values\Content\Query();
        // add a fulltext criterion
        $query->criterion = new \eZ\Publish\API\Repository\Values\Content\Query\Criterion\Fulltext($text);
        // call findContent
        $result = $searchService->findContent($query);
        // print the total count of the search hits
        $output->writeln('Found ' . $result->totalCount . ' items');
        // iterate over the search hits
        foreach( $result->searchHits as $searchHit ) {
            // print out the content name
            $output->writeln($searchHit->valueObject->contentInfo->name);
        }

...

This receipt shows how to browse a subtree starting from a given location. (Full code here)

Code Block
languagephp
titlebrowse locations
        // get the location service from the repsitory
        $this->locationService = $repository->getLocationService();
        try
        {
            $location = $this->locationService->loadLocation($locationId);
            $this->browseLocation($location,0,$output);
        }
        catch( \eZ\Publish\API\Repository\Exceptions\NotFoundException $e )
        {
            // if the location was not found
            $output->writeln( "No content with id $locationId" );
        }
        catch( \eZ\Publish\API\Repository\Exceptions\UnauthorizedException $e )
        {
            // not allowed to read this location
            $output->writeln( "Anonymous users are not allowed to read location with id $locationId" );
        }

...

This receipt shows how to add a new location to a given content object. (Full code here)

Code Block
languagephp
titleadd location
        // get the location service from the repsitory
        $locationService = $repository->getLocationService();
        try
        {
            // instanciate a location create struct
            $locationCreateStruct = $locationService->newLocationCreateStruct($parentLocationId);
            // load the content info from the given content id
            $contentInfo = $contentService->loadContentInfo($contentId);
            // create a new location below the given parent
            $newLocation = $locationService->createLocation($contentInfo,$locationCreateStruct);
            // print out the new location
            print_r($newLocation);
        }
        catch(\eZ\Publish\API\Repository\Exceptions\NotFoundException $e)
        {
            // react on content or location not found
            $output->writeln($e->getMessage());
        }
        catch(\eZ\Publish\API\Repository\Exceptions\UnauthorizedException $e)
        {
            // react on permission denied
            $output->writeln($e->getMessage());
        }

...

This receipt shows how to move or copy a subtree to a given parent location (Full code here)

Code Block
languagephp
titlecopy/move location
        // get the location service from the repsitory
        $locationService = $repository->getLocationService();
        try
        {
            // load the location from the given location id
            $location = $locationService->loadLocation($locationId);
            // load the parent location to move/copy to
            $parentLocation = $locationService->loadLocation($parentLocationId);
            if($operation == 'copy') 
            {
                $newLocation = $locationService->copySubtree($location, $parentLocation);
            }
            else if($operation == 'move')
            {
                $newLocation = $locationService->moveSubtree($location, $parentLocation);
            }
            else
            {
                $output->writeln("operation must be copy or move");
                return;
            }
            print_r($newLocation);
        }
        catch(\eZ\Publish\API\Repository\Exceptions\NotFoundException $e)
        {
            // react on parent location or location not found
            $output->writeln($e->getMessage());
        }
        catch(\eZ\Publish\API\Repository\Exceptions\UnauthorizedException $e)
        {
            // react on permission denied
            $output->writeln($e->getMessage());
        }
    }

...

This receipt shows how to hide/unhide a location. (Full code here)

Code Block
languagephp
titlehide/unhide location
        // get the location service from the repository
        $locationService = $repository->getLocationService();
        // get the user service from the repsitory
        $userService = $repository->getUserService();
        // load admin user
        $user = $userService->loadUser(14);
        // set current user to admin
        $repository->setCurrentUser($user);
        try
        {
             // load the location info from the given location id
            $location = $contentService->loadContentInfo($contentId);
            // hide the location
            $hiddenLocation = $locationService->hideLocation($location);
            // print out the location
            print_r($hiddenLocation);
            // unhide the location
            $unhiddenLocation = $locationService->unhideLocation($hiddenLocation);
            // print out the location
            print_r($unhiddenLocation);
        }
        catch(\eZ\Publish\API\Repository\Exceptions\NotFoundException $e)
        {
            // react on location not found
            $output->writeln($e->getMessage());
        }
        catch(\eZ\Publish\API\Repository\Exceptions\UnauthorizedException $e)
        {
            // react on permission denied
            $output->writeln($e->getMessage());
        }

...

Later on sections can be assigned with the following code (Full code here):

Code Block
languagephp
titleassign section to content
        // get the content service from the repository
        $contentService = $repository->getContentService();
        // get the section service from the repsitory
        $sectionService = $repository->getSectionService();
        // get the user service from the repsitory
        try
        {
            // load the content info from the given content id
            $contentInfo = $contentService->loadContentInfo($contentId);
            // load the section
            $section = $sectionService->loadSection($sectionId);
            // assign the section to the content
            $sectionService->assignSection($contentInfo, $section);
            // realod an print out
            $contentInfo =  $contentService->loadContentInfo($contentId);
            // should show the new section id
            $output->writeln($contentInfo->sectionId);
        }
        catch(\eZ\Publish\API\Repository\Exceptions\NotFoundException $e)
        {
            // react on content or section not found
            $output->writeln($e->getMessage());
        }
        catch(\eZ\Publish\API\Repository\Exceptions\UnauthorizedException $e)
        {
            // react on permission denied
            $output->writeln($e->getMessage());
        }

...