eZ Publish Platform 5.4.5 and higher, semantic configuration of search engine connection is implemented in search engine's bundle extension, in order to allow for search engine's specific settings.
For each integrated Search Engine, you can activate the proper Bundles in the kernel, after which the engine will be available for configuration.
Currently 3 search engines exists :
Legacy >= 5.0.0
Solr integration >= 5.4.5
eZ Publish Platform 5.4.5 and higher, Solr is the recommended search engine for production use. Solr provides the most most advance search capabilities, and system performance. Currently Elastic Search is experimental, and not professionally supported.